📦 THE BOOK CASE UNBOXING 📦 October “Ancient Magic”

Continue reading “📦 THE BOOK CASE UNBOXING 📦 October “Ancient Magic””

Advertisements

INSTAPHOTOGRAPHERS {Instacptguy}

Hi All

I thought u would share with you all some of the amazing SA Photographers i have found on instagram.

Today i share the first of many…..His name is Heinrich Knoetze, his instagram handle is @instacptguy. His sunsets have to be my favourite of his photos. Please follow him and see for yourself how gorgeous his photos are

His wife also has stunning pictures on her instagram account – @instacptgirl

I will be sharing an SA Photographer with you all once a week 🙂

Hope you all enjoy

xoxo

Continue reading “INSTAPHOTOGRAPHERS {Instacptguy}”

AROUND THE WORLD … in 1 Post

 

Continents - Banner

 

Lets take a trip around the world and visit some of the most amazing man made structures in the world, including some of the Seven World Wonders. 

 

 

 THE ARC DU TRIOMPHE

The Arc Du Triomphe 1

Other Name – Arc de Triomphe de l’Étoile [Triumphal Arch]
Location – Rome, Italy
Built – 1806-1836
Type – Arch
Height – 50 metres

It is one of the most famous monuments in Paris. It stands in the centre of the Place Charles de Gaulle at the western end of the Champs-Élysées. It should not be confused with a smaller arch, the Arc de Triomphe du Carrousel, which stands west of the Louvre.  The Arc de Triomphe honours those who fought and died for France in the French Revolutionary and the Napoleonic Wars, with the names of all French victories and generals inscribed on its inner and outer surfaces. Beneath its vault lies the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier from World War I. It was the tallest triumphal arch in existence until the completion of the Monumento a la Revolución in Mexico City in 1938.

 

 

CHRIST THE REDEEMER:

The Christ Redeemer 1

Other Name – Cristo Redentor
Location – Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Built – 1931
Type – Statue
Height – 30 Metres
Fact – New Seven Wonders of the World  [07 July 2007]

It is a statue of Jesus Christ and was considered the largest Art Deco statue in the world from 1931 until 2010 when it was topped by the Christ the King statue in Poland. It is 30 metres tall, not including its 8 metres pedestal, and its arms stretch 28 metres wide. It weighs 635 tonnes and is located at the peak of the 700-metre Corcovado mountain in the Tijuca Forest National Park overlooking the city. A symbol of Brazilian Christianity, the statue has become an icon for Rio de Janeiro and Brazil. It is made of reinforced concrete and soapstone, and was constructed between 1922 and 1931.

 

 

THE COLOSSEUM:

The Colosseum

Other Name – Flavian Amphitheatre / Anfiteatro Flavio / Colosseo
Location – Rome, Italy
Built – 70-80 AD
Type – Amphitheatre
Height – 48 metres
Fact – New Seven Wonders of the World [07 July 2007]

Built of concrete and stone,it was the largest amphitheatre of the Roman Empire, and is considered one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and engineering. It is the largest amphitheatre in the world. In 2007 the complex was also included among the New7Wonders of the World, following a competition organized by New Open World Corporation.

 

 

CRADLE OF HUMANKIND:

The Cradle of Humankind 1

Other Name – n/a
Location – Johannesburg, South Africa
Built – n/a
Type – Cultural
Height – n/a

The Cradle of Humankind is a World Heritage Site first named by UNESCO in 1999, about 50 kilometres northwest of Johannesburg, South Africa in the Gauteng province. This site currently occupies 47,000 hectares, it contains a complex of limestone caves, including the Sterkfontein Caves, where the 2.3-million year-old fossil
Australopithecus africanus (nicknamed “Mrs. Ples”) was found in 1947 by Dr. Robert Broom and John T. Robinson. The find helped corroborate the 1924 discovery of the juvenile Australopithecus africanus skull, “Taung Child”, by Raymond Dart, at Taung in the North West Province of South Africa, where excavations still continue. The name Cradle of Humankind reflects the fact that the site has produced a large number, as well as some of the oldest, hominin fossils ever found, some dating back as far as 3.5 million years ago. Sterkfontein alone has produced more than a third of early hominid fossils ever found prior to 2010.

 

 

EIFFEL TOWER:

The Eiffel Tower 1

Other Name – La Tour Eiffel
Location – Paris, France
Built – 1887-1889
Type – Tower
Height – 324 metres
Record – Height 1889-1930

It is an iron lattice tower located on the Champ de Mars in Paris. It was named after the engineer Gustave Eiffel, whose company designed and built the tower. Erected in 1889 as the entrance arch to the 1889 World’s Fair, it was initially criticised by some of France’s leading artists and intellectuals for its design, but has become both a global cultural icon of France and one of the most recognizable structures in the world. The tower is the tallest structure in Paris and the most-visited paid monument in the world; 6.98 million people ascended it in 2011. The tower received its 250 millionth visitor in 2010. During its construction, the Eiffel Tower surpassed the Washington Monument to assume the title of the tallest man-made structure in the world, a title it held for 41 years, until the Chrysler Building in New York City was built in 1930. Because of the addition of the antenna atop the Eiffel Tower in 1957, it is now taller than the Chrysler Building by 5.2 metres. Not including broadcast antennae, it is the second-tallest structure in France, after the Millau Viaduct. The tower has three levels for visitors, with restaurants on the first and second, and a third level observatory’s upper platform.

 

 

EL CASTILLO:

The El Castillo 1

Other Name – Temple of Kukulcan
Location – Yucatan, Mexico
Built – 750-900AD
Type – Cultural
Height – 30 Metres

It is a Mesoamerican step-pyramid that dominates the center of the Chichen Itza archaeological site in the Mexican state of Yucatán. The building is more formally designated by archaeologists as Chichen Itza Structure 5B18. Built by the pre-Columbian Maya civilization sometime between the 9th and 12th centuries CE, El Castillo served as a temple to the god Kukulkan, the Yucatec Maya Feathered Serpent deity closely related to the god Quetzalcoatl known to the Aztecs and other central Mexican cultures of the Postclassic period. The pyramid consists of a series of square terraces with stairways up each of the four sides to the temple on top. Sculptures of plumed serpents run down the sides of the northern balustrade. During the spring and autumn equinoxes, the late afternoon sun strikes off the northwest corner of the pyramid and casts a series of triangular shadows against the northwest balustrade, creating the illusion of a feathered serpent “crawling” down the pyramid. Each of the pyramid’s four sides has 91 steps which, when added together and including the temple platform on top as the final “step”, produces a total of 365 steps (which is equal to the number of days of the Haab’ year). Today “El Castillo” is one of the most recognized and widely visited pre-Columbian structures in present-day Mexico.

 

 

THE GREAT SPHINX OF GIZA:

The Great Sphinx of Giza 1

Other Name – n/a
Location – Giza, Egypt
Built – 2558–2532 BC
Type – Statue
Height – 20.22 Metres
Fact – Oldest known monumental sculpture

Is a limestone statue of a reclining or couchant sphinx; a mythical creature with a lion’s body and a human head, that stands on the Giza Plateau on the west bank of the Nile in Giza, Egypt. The face of the Sphinx is generally believed to represent the face of the Pharaoh Khafra. It is the largest monolith statue in the world, standing 73.5 metres long, 19.3 metres wide, and 20.22 metres high. It is the oldest known monumental sculpture, and is commonly believed to have been built by ancient Egyptians of the Old Kingdom during the reign of the Pharaoh Khafra (c. 2558–2532 BC).

 

 

 THE GREAT WALL OF CHINA: 

The Great Wall of China 1

Other Name – n/a
Location – China
Built – 1987
Type – Fortification + Cultural
Length – 21,196 Km
Fact – Added to the UNESCO’s list of World Heritage Sites in 1987

The Great Wall of China is a series of fortifications made of stone, brick, tamped earth, wood, and other materials, generally built along an east-to-west line across the historical northern borders of China in part to protect the Chinese Empire or its prototypical states against intrusions by various nomadic groups or military incursions by various warlike peoples or forces. Several walls were being built as early as the 7th century BC;  these, later joined together and made bigger and stronger, are now collectively referred to as the Great Wall. Especially famous is the wall built between 220–206 BC by the first Emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang. Little of that wall remains. Since then, the Great Wall has on and off been rebuilt, maintained, and enhanced; the majority of the existing wall are from the Ming Dynasty.

 

 

LEANING TOWER OF PISA:

The Leaning Tower of Pisa 1

Other Name – Torre pendente di Pisa
Location – Pisa, Italy
Built – 1173 – 1372
Type – Tower
Height – 55.86 metres

Is the campanile, or freestanding bell tower, known worldwide for its unintended tilt to one side.  It is situated behind the Cathedral and is the third oldest structure in Pisa’s Cathedral Square after the Cathedral and the Baptistry. The tower’s tilt began during construction, caused by an inadequate foundation on ground too soft on one side to properly support the structure’s weight.  The tilt increased in the decades before the structure was completed, and gradually increased until the structure was stabilized by efforts in the late 20th and early 21st centuries.

 

 

MACCHU PICCHU:

 

The Machu Picchu 1

Other Name – Machu Pikch
Location – Cusco, Peru
Built – 1450
Type – Mixed
Height – 2430 Metres
Fact – New Seven Wonders of the World [07 July 2007]

It is a 15th-century Inca site located 2,430 metres above sea level and its located in the Cusco Region, Urubamba Province, Machupicchu District in Peru. It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Sacred Valley which is 80 kilometres northwest of Cusco and through which the Urubamba River flows. Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438–1472). Often mistakenly referred to as the “Lost City of the Incas”, it is perhaps the most familiar icon of Inca civilization. In 2007, Machu Picchu was voted one of the New Seven Wonders of the World in a worldwide Internet poll.

 

 

THE PARTHENON:

The Parthenon 1

Other Name – n/a
Location – Athens, Greece
Built – 447-438 BC
Type – Temple
Length – 13.72 Metres

It is a temple on the Athenian Acropolis, Greece, dedicated to the goddess Athena, whom the people of Athens considered their patron. Its construction began in 447 BC when the Athenian Empire was at the height of its power. It was completed in 438 BC, although decoration of the building continued until 432 BC. It is the most important surviving building of Classical Greece, generally considered the culmination of the development of the Doric order. Its decorative sculptures are considered some of the high points of Greek art. The Parthenon is regarded as an enduring symbol of Ancient Greece, Athenian democracy, western civilization and one of the world’s greatest cultural monuments. The Greek Ministry of Culture is currently carrying out a program of selective restoration and reconstruction to ensure the stability of the partially ruined structure.

 

 

THE GREAT PYRAMIDS:

The Pyramids of Giza 1

PYRAMID OF KHUFU 

Other Name – Khufu’s Horizon / Pyramid of Khufu / The Pyramid of Cheops
Location – Giza, Egypt
Built – 2580-2560 BC
Type – True Pyramid
Height – 138.8 Metres [146.5 Metres originally]
Fact – Is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and the only one to remain largely intact.
Record – Was the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years

It is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza Necropolis bordering what is now El Giza, Egypt.
Egyptologists believe that the pyramid was built as a tomb over a 10 to 20-year period concluding around 2560 BC. Originally, the Great Pyramid was covered by casing stones that formed a smooth outer surface; what is seen today is the underlying core structure. Some of the casing stones that once covered the structure can still be seen around the base. There have been varying scientific and alternative theories about the Great Pyramid’s construction techniques. Most accepted construction hypotheses are based on the idea that it was built by moving huge stones from a quarry and dragging and lifting them into place. 

 

THE PYRAMID OF KHAFRE

Other Name – Pyramid of Chephren
Location – Giza, Egypt
Built – 2580-2560 BC
Type – True Pyramid
Height – 136.4 Metres [143.5 Metres originally]
It is the second-tallest and second-largest of the Ancient Egyptian Pyramids of Giza and the tomb of the Fourth-Dynasty pharaoh Khafre (Chefren), who ruled from c. 2558 to 2532 BC

 

PYRAMID OF MENKAURE:

Other Name – n/a
Location – Giza, Egypt
Built – 2580-2560 BC
Type – True Pyramid
Height – 65.5 Metres

It is located on the Giza Plateau in the southwestern outskirts of Cairo, Egypt, is the smallest of the three Pyramids of Giza. It is thought to have been built to serve as the tomb of the fourth dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh Menkaure.

 

 

RHODES MEMORIAL:

The Rhodes Memorial 1

Other Name – n/a
Location – Cape Town, South Africa
Built – 1912
Type – Monument Temple
Height – n/a

Rhodes Memorial on Devil’s Peak in Cape Town, South Africa, is a memorial to English-born South African politician Cecil John Rhodes (1853–1902) designed by Sir Herbert Baker. The architect, Sir Herbert Baker, allegedly modelled the memorial after the Greek temple at Segesta although it is actually closer to the temple of Pergamon in design. It consists of a massive staircase with 49 steps (one for each year of Rhodes’s life) leading from a semi-circular terrace up to a rectangular U-shaped monument formed of pillars. The memorial is built of Cape granite quarried on Table Mountain. At the bottom of the steps is a bronze statue of a horseman, Energy by George Frederic Watts. Eight bronze lions by John Macallan Swan flank the steps leading up to the memorial, with a bust of Rhodes (also by JM Swan). The inscription on the monument is “To the spirit and life work of Cecil John Rhodes who loved and served South Africa.” Inscribed below the bust of Rhodes are the last four lines of the last stanza from the 1902 poem Burial by Rudyard Kipling in honour of Rhodes:The monument was completed and dedicated in 1912. An alternative memorial to him never materialised. A massive “colossus of Rhodes” statue overlooking Cape Town from the summit of Lion’s Head, rather like the statue of Christ overlooking Rio de Janeiro

 

 

STATUE OF LIBERTY:

Statue of Liberty seen from the Circle Line ferry, Manhattan, New York

Other Name – Liberty Enlightening the World
Location – Liberty Island, Manhattan, New York, USA
Built – 1886
Type – Statue
Height – 46 Metres [93 Metres]
Fact – Added to the UNESCO’s list of World Heritage Sites in 1984

It is a colossal neoclassical sculpture on Liberty Island in the middle of New York Harbor, in Manhattan, New York City. The statue, designed by Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi and dedicated on October 28, 1886, was a gift to the United States from the people of France. The statue is of a robed female figure representing Libertas, the Roman goddess of freedom, who bears a torch and a tabula ansata (a tablet evoking the law) upon which is inscribed the date of the American Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776. A broken chain lies at her feet. The statue is an icon of freedom and of the United States: a welcoming signal to immigrants arriving from abroad.

 

 

 

THE STONEHENGE:

The Stonehenge 1

Other Name – n/a
Location – Wiltshire, England
Built – 3000 BC to 2000 BC
Type – Cultural
Height – 3.96-7.31 Metres
Fact – added to the UNESCO’s list of World Heritage Sites in 1986

It is a prehistoric monument. One of the most famous sites in the world, Stonehenge is the remains of a ring of standing stones set within earthworks. It is in the middle of the most dense complex of Neolithic and Bronze Age monuments in England, including several hundred burial mounds. Archaeologists believe it was built anywhere from 3000 BC to 2000 BC. Radiocarbon dating in 2008 suggested that the first stones were raised between 2400 and 2200 BC, whilst another theory suggests that bluestones may have been raised at the site as early as 3000 BC. The surrounding circular earth bank and ditch, which constitute the earliest phase of the monument, have been dated to about 3100 BC. The site and its surroundings were added to the UNESCO’s list of World Heritage Sites in 1986 in a co-listing with Avebury Henge. It is a national legally protected Scheduled Ancient Monument. Stonehenge is owned by the Crown and managed by English Heritage, while the surrounding land is owned by the National Trust. Archaeological evidence found by the Stonehenge Riverside Project in 2008 indicates that Stonehenge could have been a burial ground from its earliest beginnings. The dating of cremated remains found on the site indicate that deposits contain human bone from as early as 3000 BC, when the ditch and bank were first dug. Such deposits continued at Stonehenge for at least another 500 years. The site is a place of religious significance and pilgrimage in Neo-Druidry.

 

 

 

THE TAJ MAHAL:

The Taj Mahal 1

Other Name – Crown of Palaces / The Taj
Location – Agra, India
Built – 1632-1653
Type – Mausolem
Height – 73 metres
Fact – In 1983, the Taj Mahal became a UNESCO World Heritage Site

It is a white marble mausoleum located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal is widely recognized as “the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world’s heritage”. Taj Mahal is regarded by many as the finest example of Mughal architecture, a style that combines elements from Islamic, Persian, Ottoman Turkish and Indian architectural styles. In 1983, the Taj Mahal became a UNESCO World Heritage Site. While the white domed marble mausoleum is the most familiar component of the Taj Mahal, it is actually an integrated complex of structures. The construction began around 1632 and was completed around 1653, employing thousands of artisans and craftsmen. The construction of the Taj Mahal was entrusted to a board of architects under imperial supervision, including Abd ul-Karim Ma’mur Khan, Makramat Khan, and Ustad Ahmad Lahauri.Lahauri is generally considered to be the principal designer

 

 

TREVI FOUNTAIN:

The Trevi Fountain 1

Other Name – Fontana di Trevi
Location – Rome, Italy
Built – 1762
Type – Public Fountain
Height – 26.30 metres

Its a fountain in the Trevi district in Rome, Italy, designed by Italian architect Nicola Salvi and completed by Pietro Bracci. It is the largest Baroque fountain in the city and one of the most famous fountains in the world. It is a popular tourist attraction. The construction of an aquaduct through which running water could reach the Pantheon and its thermal baths. According to legend, the original name of the aquaduct, ‘Aqua Virgo’, was based on the story that the source of the water was found by Roman soldiers with the help of a young girl. On a rock under this central arch there is a statue of Neptune riding in a shell-shaped chariot pulled by two horses led by Mermen. One of the horses represents calm waters and the other rough seas. On either side of the central structure are alcoves, each framed by a pair of imposing Corinthian columns. In one alcove stands a statue representing health, and in the other a statue representing prosperity, both together symbolising the benefits of drinking pure water. Legend has it that if, as a stranger to the city, you throw a coin over your shoulder into the fountain, you are guaranteed to come back to Rome during your lifetime

 

THE LOUVRE MUSEUM:

The Louvre

 

Other Name – Musée du Louvre
Location – Paris, France
Built – 1546
Type – Museum
Height – n/a
Fact – Ranked no.1 Globally

Is one of the world’s largest museums and a historic monument. A central landmark of Paris, France, it is located on the Right Bank of the Seine in the 1st arrondissement (district). Nearly 35,000 objects from prehistory to the 21st century are exhibited over an area of 60,600 square metres. With more than 9.7 million visitors each year, the Louvre is the world’s most visited museum. The museum is housed in the Louvre Palace. As of 2008, the collection is divided among eight curatorial departments: Egyptian Antiquities; Near Eastern Antiquities; Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Antiquities; Islamic Art; Sculpture; Decorative Arts; Paintings; Prints and Drawings.